IoT connectivity refers to connecting various destinations such as sensors and gateways. Also, it represents multiple types of connections according to their coverage, bandwidth, or power consumption. Different IoT projects have varying requirements; thus, most of them use other connectivity choices according to their needs.
Selecting the right IoT connectivity option is very important since it’s a complicated technology that matches the virtual to provide a better future. Therefore, it attracts investments and market players with a wide range of potential. For an IoT project to be successful, it consumes a lot of time, capital, software and hardware technology, and expertise.
However, failure to offer its services and devices with the appropriate means of communication can minimize the entire IoT project into a useless thing. The simplest way to evade this is to pay attention to markets’ heartbeat and identify specific needs and limitations to your IoT business. Then, use the knowledge to inform and decide on the best choice suitable to your IoT connectivity option; this will ensure your deployment is more efficient.
Here are several factors on how to how to choose the right IoT connectivity option:
1. Deployment Area
Carry out a full audit of your location to check if it’s appropriate for your connectivity solution. For example, an area with a high level of obstruction such as walls or radio interference might not be efficient in specific options.
Cellular contains the furthest range so long as you are within the area of a cellular tower. It’s a great option and more reliable if you want a wide coverage range along with an opportunity to increase your IoT services quickly.
2. Power Consumption
Most IoT devices are not hard-wired but battery-powered instead. Consider this when selecting a connectivity network. The last thing you want is to end up with a too power-hungry option, yet you focus on longevity.
IoT connectivity options with lower power consumption can be high or low, depending on the amount of data that passes. Low-power, wide-area networks usually provide common power usage along with a wide range. They have limits on the level of sent data, but they measure content in miles. Typically, LPWAN devices usually make use of batteries for power.
For bandwidth where requirements are high and power consumption needs are low, you can choose better options such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi depending on the needs of the IoT solution. Most devices at home such as exercise equipment, earbuds, and speakers depend on Bluetooth or Wi-Fi connectivity.
3. Coverage Range
It refers to the width that IoT connectivity can cover. If your device covers a fair distance, you must focus on coverage range when selecting a connectivity network. For instance, Bluetooth can transfer a lot of data. Still, within a limited range of up to 100ft. On the contrary, a cellular connection can offer international and global coverage with the appropriate data plan.
Decide the range you want to cover before selecting an IoT connection solution. Keep in mind that the more energy it surrounds, the more likely it will consume either bandwidth or power.
Some Internet of Things devices tend to consume a large amount of data. Therefore, you will have to select an option to receive and process the amount of data you need. For instance, when using Wi-Fi as an IoT network, it operates well for stationary devices that don’t need extensive coverage.
Wi-Fi connectivity is somehow limited in its parameters, and it can only connect to a specific area. If the device you are connecting needs a more flexible coverage range, consider selecting a Wi-Fi alternative for your IoT connectivity solution.
IoT connectivity is all about the ability to future proof and scale your business. However, solutions such as wired connectivity are pretty rigid compared to others. Therefore, consider the future growth plans of your business when selecting an IoT connectivity solution.
IoT connectivity solutions tend to vary a lot in cost. It’s a crucial factor during initial set-up costs and ongoing functional expenses. When planning to scale your IoT deployments later, you should put future costs in mind instead of considering initial investments only. Ensure your connectivity is cost-effective, especially where you are engaging in large-scale IoT projects.
Consider the versatility that the internet service provider offers. For instance, the amount they will charge you if you add a new device to the network or if the solution provides a data aggregation feature.
7. Current System
Consider checking whether the system you are using currently is capable of supporting an IoT connectivity upgrade. Then, you can integrate some options, which will save you a lot of cash and time.
The IoT connectivity provider may not have an idea of your plans. Consider choosing an IoT connectivity option where the partner offers flexible services and rates without compromising the connectivity quality. Then, as your business adjusts, you will have a smooth transition.
Here are some IoT connectivity options you can select:
Ethernet is also efficient, particularly where you require a higher bandwidth with a wired connection. It connects wired local networks to enhance communication between devices.
Ethernet is very advantageous when transferring a massive amount of data quickly. Though it requires a physical connection, this renders it a less preferable method. Generally, Ethernet is mainly effective for devices that transmit videos, such as robotics and cameras.
When it comes to covering distance requirements, the satellite is the best option. Also, if the range is a primary factor when selecting network connectivity, the satellite is more efficient. Some satellite communication devices are available when people can’t access IoT services through other means. Even though it’s not widely used, it can provide some traction.
The connectivity technology usually grows at a high rate to meet the rising demands of new application scenarios due to the raw and disruptive power of the Internet of Things. But, unfortunately, no perfect solution can support the entire IoT-related analytical and technological issues. Hence, you must focus on selecting the best IoT connectivity option depending on specific usage cases.