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Is there a civil war in Myanmar?

Is there a civil war in Myanmar?

The conflict has largely been ethnic-based, with several ethnic armed groups fighting Myanmar’s armed forces, the Tatmadaw, for self-determination. The conflict is the world’s longest ongoing civil war, having spanned more than seven decades.

What is the longest running civil war in the world?

the civil war in Burma
At sixty years plus, the civil war in Burma (Myanmar) is currently the longest ongoing civil war in the world. There are approximately 135 recognized ethnic groups which inhabit Burma.

When did the civil war in Burma start?

Karen conflict

Date 31 January 1949 – present (73 years and 2 weeks)
Location Kayin State, Myanmar (primarily)
Status Ongoing Ceasefires signed between the Karen National Union and the government of Myanmar in 2012 and 2015

Why is Myanmar called Burma?

History. In English, the official name chosen for the country at the time of independence was “Burma”. This was already the name that the British called their colony before 1948. This name most likely comes from Portuguese Birmânia and was adopted by English in the 18th century.

Why did the Karen leave Burma?

Due to the annual threats to their lives and villages, many Karen must flee across the border to refugee camps in neighboring Thailand.

What was the worst civil war in history?

Number of casualties in major battles in the American Civil War from 1861 to 1865

Characteristic Number of casualties
Battle of Gettysburg (Jul, 1863) 51,000
Battle of Chickamauga (Sep, 1863) 34,624
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House (May, 1864) 30,000
Battle of the Wilderness (May, 1864) 29,800

How many soldiers are in Myanmar army?


Myanmar Army
Size 375,000 active personnel Reserves: Border Guard Forces, BGFs (23 battalions); People’s Militia Groups, PMGs (46 groups), University Training Corps, UTC (5 corps)
Part of Myanmar Armed Forces
Nickname(s) Tatmadaw Kyi
Anniversaries 27 March 1945

How many people died in the Shan State Civil War?

It killed more than 70 and injured more than 100 people. 390 houses, 14 Buddhist monasteries, and nine government buildings were damaged. Shan State is traditionally divided into three sub-states: North Shan State, East Shan State, and South Shan State.

What is happening in Shan State?

On 15 August 2019, Northern Alliance insurgents attacked a military college in Nawnghkio Township, killing 15. Further clashes occurred in the following days, with Myanmar’s military warning there could be a “full-scale war” in Shan State if the Northern Alliance did not halt their attacks.

What was the most serious war in Shan State in 1950?

The most serious was the Chinese Nationalist KMT invasion of Shan State in 1950. Driven out by the Chinese Communist forces, Nationalist KMT armies planned to use the region east of the Salween River as a base from which to regain their homeland.

Where is Shan State located?

Shan State borders China ( Yunnan) to the north, Laos ( Louang Namtha and Bokeo Provinces) to the east, and Thailand ( Chiang Rai, Chiang Mai and Mae Hong Son Provinces) to the south, and five administrative divisions of Burma (Myanmar) in the west.

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