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What are the 4 major disease vectors?

What are the 4 major disease vectors?

Disease vectors

  • Malaria (protozoan): Anopheles species of mosquito.
  • Lymphatic filariasis (nematode worm): Culex, Anopheles, Aedes species of mosquito.
  • Dengue (virus): Aedes species of mosquito.
  • Leishmaniasis (protozoan): mainly Phlebotomus species of sandfly.

What is the most common vector-borne disease?

Lyme disease is the most commonly reported vector-borne illness in the United States, with an estimated 300,000 infections occuring each year.

What are the top 9 disease vectors?

Vector-borne illnesses worldwide include malaria (Anopheles mosquitoes); dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever, Rift Valley fever, and Zika (Aedes mosquitoes); Japanese encephalitis, lymphatic filariasis, and West Nile fever (Culex mosquitoes); Rickettsial diseases and Lyme (ticks); American trypanosomiasis (triatomine …

What is a vector of a disease?

A vector is a living organism that transmits an infectious agent from an infected animal to a human or another animal. Vectors are frequently arthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, flies, fleas and lice.

What are 3 examples of vectors of disease?

List of vector-borne diseases, according to their vector

Vector Disease caused
Mosquito Anopheles Lymphatic filariasis Malaria
Culex Japanese encephalitis Lymphatic filariasis West Nile fever
Aquatic snails Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis)
Blackflies Onchocerciasis (river blindness)

What are the types of vector?

Types of Vectors

  • Zero vector.
  • Unit Vector.
  • Position Vector.
  • Co-initial Vector.
  • Like.
  • Unlike Vectors.
  • Co-planar Vector.
  • Collinear Vector.

What are some examples of vector-borne diseases?

Examples of vector-borne diseases include Dengue fever, West Nile Virus, Lyme disease, and malaria. Zoonotic Disease: a disease that can be transmitted from animals to people or, more specifically, a disease that normally exists in animals but that can infect humans.

Is measles a vector-borne disease?

Measles is a very contagious viral disease that is spread through the air from person to person. Measles can be transmitted when someone with measles coughs or sneezes, and other people breathing the air containing the measles virus can then get measles.

What is the example of vector-borne disease?

Is tuberculosis a vector-borne disease?

Tuberculosis (TB) is primarily an airborne disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which are spread person-to-person through the air. This bacteria mainly affects the lungs, but may adversely affect other organs.

What are some examples of vector borne diseases?

Vectors. Vectors are living organisms that can transmit infectious pathogens between humans,or from animals to humans.

  • Vector-borne diseases. Vector-borne diseases are human illnesses caused by parasites,viruses and bacteria that are transmitted by vectors.
  • List of vector-borne diseases,according to their vector.
  • What is an example of a vector borne disease?


  • Dengue Fever
  • Lyme Disease
  • Malaria
  • Plague*
  • Relapsing Fever
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
  • Tularemia*(Rabbit Fever)
  • Typhus*(Flea-Borne,Endemic)
  • West Nile Virus
  • How do you prevent vector borne diseases?

    supporting the development and evaluation of new tools, technologies and approaches for vector-borne diseases, including vector control and disease management technologies. A crucial element in reducing the burden of vector-borne diseases is behavioural change.

    What are vector borne illnesses?

    Vector-borne diseases are human illnesses caused by parasites, viruses and bacteria that are transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks and other disease vectors. Some of the more commonly known vectors and associated vector-borne diseases are: Mosquitos: malaria, West Nile fever, Yellow fever, Zika virus; Ticks: Lyme disease, Rickettsial diseases (Rocky

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