What are the different types of equipment for material handling?
Material handling equipment usually falls under four main categories: bulk handling material equipment, engineered systems, storage and handling equipment and industrial trucks.
- Bulk Handling Material Equipment.
- Engineered Systems.
- Industrial Trucks.
- Storage and Handling Equipment.
What is called material handling?
Material handling is the movement, protection, storage and control of materials and products throughout manufacturing, warehousing, distribution, consumption and disposal.
What types of materials and equipment are needed to ensure pallets are able to be moved when necessary?
Pallet jacks– These are tools are the most basic form of a forklift and used to lift and move pallets within a warehouse. Pallet trucks– Manual operated or powered industrial forklifts. Walkie stackers– A pedestrian walk-behind stacker with a mast for lifting pallets to heights.
How do you select material handling equipment?
The following factors are to be taken into account while selecting material handling equipment.
- PROPERTIES OF THE MATERIAL.
- LAYOUT AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BUILDING.
- PRODUCTION FLOW.
- COST CONSIDERATIONS.
- NATURE OF OPERATIONS.
- ENGINEERING FACTORS.
- EQUIPMENT RELIABILITY.
What are the 3 basic stages of materials handling?
These early methods treated the three basic stages of handling—materials collection, manufacturing, and product distribution—as discrete steps, and materials were moved in individual rather than bulk units.
What is material handling safety?
Manual material handling (MMH) means manually moving or handling things by lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, carrying, holding or restraining. MMH is also the most common cause of occupational fatigue, low back pain and lower back injuries.
What are the essentials of good material handling system?
Your technology can be an effective material handling system when it functions in accordance with the following 10 elements/principles:
- Unit Load.
- System Integration.
- Space Utilization.
What are the basic principles of material handling?
We present the 10 basic principles of material handling to reduce costs and increase the productivity of the industrial plant developed by Material Handling Institute:
- Planning Principle.
- Standardization principle.
- Work Principle.
- Ergonomic principle.
- Unit Load principle.
- Space Utilization principle.
- System principle.
How must handling of materials be performed?
- Avoid lifting materials from the floor or while seated.
- Make use of available handling aids.
- Refrain from using sudden or jerky movements.
- Never lift a load over an obstacle.
- Perform lifts in areas with adequate footing, space and lighting.
- Modify objects and redesign jobs to make moving easier.