Table of Contents

## What are the limitations of factor analysis?

Disadvantages of Factor Analysis: 2. Naming of the factors can be difficult multiple attributes can be highly correlated with no apparent reasons. 3. If the observed variables are completely unrelated the factor analysis is unable to produce meaningful pattern.

## What does exploratory factor analysis tell you?

Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) is generally used to discover the factor structure of a measure and to examine its internal reliability. EFA is often recommended when researchers have no hypotheses about the nature of the underlying factor structure of their measure.

## What is multivariate factor analysis?

Factor analysis (FA) is a multivariate technique that is used to describe the relationships between different variables under study (observable variables) with new variables called factors, where the number of factors is less than the number of original variables.

## What are the assumptions of factor analysis?

The basic assumption of factor analysis is that for a collection of observed variables there are a set of underlying variables called factors (smaller than the observed variables), that can explain the interrelationships among those variables.

## Why is multivariate analysis important?

Q: What is the advantage of multivariate analysis? A: The main advantage is that multivariate analysis considers more than one factor. It looks at the various independent variables that influence the dependent variable. The conclusions you draw from multivariate analysis is also more likely to be accurate.

## Is factor analysis useful for establishing evidence for validity?

Factor analysis is one method that is useful for establishing evidence for validity. 2 Yet, psychology and general education literature reviews 2–8 of factor analysis for instrument development suggest methodological errors and omissions in reporting, thus limiting the potential for evaluation and replication.

## What do factor analysis findings suggest about the reliability of published instruments?

Factor analysis findings suggest common method selection errors and critical omissions in reporting. Given the limited reliability and validity evidence provided for the reviewed instruments, educators should carefully consider the available supporting evidence before adopting and applying published instruments.

## How can we evaluate the validity of current practices?

A comparison of the factor analysis methods and other validity evidence to contemporary best practices enabled evaluation of current practices.

## Does internal structure matter for construct validity?

Further, this review’s findings suggest that the evidence available to support construct validity based on internal structure often rests on inappropriate factor analysis methodology (when methodology is reported). Yet, medical educators and other readers may not be expected to understand the complexities of factor analysis.