What is democracy?
Democracy, which derives from the Greek word demos, or people, is defined, basi- cally, as government in which the supreme power is vested in the people. In some forms, democracy can be exercised directly by the people; in large societies, it is by the people through their elected agents.
What is a democratic system of government Quizlet?
Democracy is a system of government where the citizens of a state exercise power to rule the state, either directly or through electing representatives. What does democracy mean?
What is Demokratia?
The Greek demokratia dates all the way back to the 5th century b.c., when it was used to describe the government in some city-states, notably Athens. There are two kinds of democracy: direct and representative.
What is democracy according to Diamond?
According to Diamond (2004), democracy is a means for the people to choose their leaders and to hold their leaders accountable for their policies and their conduct in office. He goes on to state that the people decide who will represent them in parliament, and who will head the government, at the national and local levels.
What is another word for rutoside?
Related to Rutoside: Rutin, trypsin ru·tin (rū’tin), A flavonoid obtained from buckwheat, which causes decreased capillary fragility. Synonym(s): rutoside Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012 rutin (roo′tĭn) A flavonoid present in many plants including whole grains and the inner rind of lemons and oranges.
What are the characteristics of a democratic society?
No consensus exists on how to define democracy, but legal equality, political freedom and rule of law have been identified as important characteristics.
What distinguished democracy from other forms of government?
This is what distinguished democracy from other governments. Other forms of government like monarchy, dictatorship or one-party rule do not require all citizens to take part in politics. In fact most non-democratic governments would like citizens not to take part in politics.
What is a representative democracy?
Dahl, Shapiro, Cheibib (2003) state that in a representative democracy, every vote has equal weight, no unreasonable restrictions can apply to anyone seeking to become a representative, and the freedom of its eligible citizens is secured by legitimized rights and liberties which are typically protected by a constitution.
What is a Western democracy?
Western democracies 3 : an organization or situation in which everyone is treated equally and has equal rights The company is not a democracy; decisions are made by a board of directors, not the workers. There is democracy within the company.
What is the difference between MAGnetite and maghemite?
Maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) is a ferric oxide with similar cubic spinel crystal structure and ferrimagnetic properties to magnetite. Maghemite (γFe2 O 3) is the ultimate low-temperature oxidation or weathering product of magnetite.
What is +maghemite (γfe2o3)?
Maghemite (γFe2 O 3) is the ultimate low-temperature oxidation or weathering product of magnetite. It has an inverse spinel structure similar to magnetite but has a defective lattice with one ninth of the Fe positions in the lattice being vacant with cell dimension a = 8.337Å.
What is blackish-red maghemite?
Blackish magnetite is usually inherited from the parent material, but may also form in soil through biotic processes. The brownish-red maghemite is common in soils of tropical and subtropical climate, but occurs occasionally also in temperate soils that have been exposed to forest or heath fires.
What is the Democracy Index?
The Democracy Index, published by the UK-based Economist Intelligence Unit, is an assessment of countries’ democracy. Countries are rated to be either Full Democracies, Flawed Democracies, Hybrid Regimes, or Authoritarian regimes.
What is the difference between democracy and direct democracy?
Democracy (Greek: δημοκρατία dēmokratía, literally “Rule by ‘People'”) is a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting. In a direct democracy, the citizens as a whole form a governing body and vote directly on each issue. In a representative democracy the citizens elect representatives from among themselves.
What is the basic feature of democracy according to Nassbaum?
From the foregoing, one can conclude that the basic feature of democracy according to Nassbaum (2000) is the capacity of all voters to participate freely and fully in the life of their society, and that democracy is a form of government in which all eligible citizens have an equal say in law-making (Diamond, 2006).
What is democracy according to Schumpeter?
Defining democracy as a system in which people have the opportunity of accepting or rejecting their leaders, through a competitive electoral process, Schumpeter (1947) subscribes to a new understanding of democracy as that which should put emphasis on aggregation of preferences, taking place through political parties for which
What are the signs and symptoms of photoallergy?
1. Sensitization of the skin to light, usually due to the action of certain drugs, plants, or other substances; may occur shortly after administration of the drug (phototoxic sensitivity), or may occur only after a latent period of from days to months (photoallergic sensitivity, or photoallergy). 2. photoallergy.
What is the difference between phototoxic sensitivity and photoallergy?
Sensitization of the skin to light, usually due to the action of certain drugs, plants, or other substances; may occur shortly after administration of the drug (phototoxic sensitivity), or may occur only after a latent period of from days to months (photoallergic sensitivity, or photoallergy). 2. Synonym (s): photodynamic sensitization
What is democracy according to Popper?
Although democracy is generally understood to be defined by voting, no consensus exists on a precise definition of democracy. Karl Popper says that the “classical” view of democracy is simply, “in brief, the theory that democracy is the rule of the people, and that the people have a right to rule.”
What does telepathy mean?
Kids Definition of telepathy : a way of communicating thoughts directly from one mind to another without speech or signs
What is the meaning of Athenian democracy?
The term appeared in the 5th century BC to denote the political systems then existing in Greek city-states, notably Athens, to mean “rule of the people”, in contrast to aristocracy ( ἀριστοκρατία, aristokratía ), meaning “rule of an elite”.
What is the basic unit of decision making in Inclusive Democracy?
The basic unit of decision making in an inclusive democracy is the demotic assembly, i.e. the assembly of demos, the citizen body in a given geographical area which may encompass a town and the surrounding villages, or even neighbourhoods of large cities.
What are the basic principles of democracy?
Democracies rest upon the principle that government exists to serve the people. In other words, the people are citizens of the democratic state, not its subjects. Because the state protects the rights of its citizens, they, in turn, give the state their loyalty.
How has the notion of democracy evolved over time?
The notion of democracy has evolved over time considerably. The original form of democracy was a direct democracy. The most common form of democracy today is a representative democracy, where the people elect government officials to govern on their behalf such as in a parliamentary or presidential democracy.
Is a government chosen by a small group a democracy?
A government chosen by a small, exclusive group is not a democracy – no matter how democratic its internal workings may appear.
What are the basic features of a democracy?
While their opinions vary, a consensus of political scientists agree that most democracies are based on six foundational elements: Popular sovereignty: The principle that the government is created and maintained by the consent of the people through their elected representatives.
What is the difference between a democracy and a republic?
Democracies and republics are both forms of government in which supreme power resides in the citizens. The word republic refers specifically to a government in which those citizens elect representatives who govern according to the law.
What are the powers of the government in a democracy?
In a democracy, the powers of the government are, by law, clearly defined and sharply limited. As a result, private organizations are largely free of government control.
What is a representative democracy Quizlet?
Representative democracy involves the election of government officials by the people being represented. If the head of state is also democratically elected then it is called a democratic republic. The most common mechanisms involve election of the candidate with a majority or a plurality of the votes.
Is democracy a matter of popular policy or free choice?
Democracy is a matter of the free choice of government, not the pursuit of “popular” policies. In the light of these truths, which recent events have made self-evident, the following question must be asked. Freedom of political choice is a prerequisite of democracy, but is it the only one? Is democracy merely a matter of procedure?
Why is majority rule a characteristic of democracy?
Majority rule is often listed as a characteristic of democracy. Hence, democracy allows for political minorities to be oppressed by the “tyranny of the majority” in the absence of legal protections of individual or group rights.
What is a citizen of a democracy?
A citizen of a democracy may be a member of a number of private or volunteer organizations – including interest groups that try, in some fashion, to influence public policy and persuade public officials of their views.
What makes a democratic election Democratic?
Democratic elections are inclusive. The definition of citizen and voter must be large enough to include the adult population. A government chosen by a small, exclusive group is not a democracy – no matter how democratic its internal workings may appear.
What is democratic constitutionalism?
Democratic constitutionalism is ultimately the foun- dation by which a society, through the clash and com- promise of ideas, institutions, and individuals, reaches, however imperfectly, for truth. Democracy is pragmatic.
What was the original form of democracy?
The original form of democracy was a direct democracy. The most common form of democracy today is a representative democracy, where the people elect government officials to govern on their behalf such as in a parliamentary or presidential democracy.
What does PPRD mean?
The People’s Party for Reconstruction and Democracy ( French: Parti du Peuple pour la Reconstruction et la Démocratie or PPRD) is a political party in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is the political structure established by the former president of the country, Joseph Kabila .
What is the difference between freedom and Democracy?
Or, in the memorable phrase of President Abraham Lincoln, democracy is government of the people, by the people, and for the people. Freedom and democracy are often used interchange- ably, but the two are not synonymous.
Why do citizens of a democracy submit to the law?
The citizens of a democracy submit to the law because they recognize that, however indirectly, they are submitting to themselves as makers of the law. When In democracy, trials are open to the public. Here, a group of American teens gets a civics lesson and a symbolic choice. 17
What is engraftment following HSCT?
Engraftment, Graft Failure, and Rejection – The European Blood and Marrow Transplantation Textbook for Nurses – NCBI Bookshelf Engraftment following HSCT is an essential goal for sustained long-term and effective hematopoiesis. It’s the most important criteria for a better overall survival.
What is the difference between democracy and autocratic government?
Democracy contrasts with forms of government where power is either held by an individual, as in autocratic systems like absolute monarchy, or where power is held by a small number of individuals, as in an oligarchy —oppositions inherited from ancient Greek philosophy.
What is democracy according to the philosophers?
Most of the philosophers have thought the democracy according to their personal problems. In Montesquieu, the approach is legal. According to Rousseau, the problem is about social harmony and in Voltaire democracy is seen as a struggle against obscurantism and war.
What is the best synonym for Democracy?
under our democracy the people have some control over their lives by being able to select their own political leaders. Synonyms for democracy. republic, self-government, self-rule. Words Related to democracy. pure democracy. home rule, self-determination.
Where does the word democracy come from in Greek?
Democracy, literally, rule by the people. The term is derived from the Greek dēmokratia, which was coined from dēmos (“people”) and kratos (“rule”) in the middle of the 5th century bce to denote the political systems then existing in some Greek city-states, notably Athens.
Why do citizens of a democracy have to obey the law?
Whether rich or poor, ethnic majority or reli- gious minority, political ally of the state or peaceful opponent – all must obey the laws. The citizens of a democracy submit to the law because they recognize that, however indirectly, they are submitting to themselves as makers of the law. When In democracy, trials are open to the public.
What is the difference between aggregative and deliberative democracy?
Deliberative democracy is based on the notion that democracy is government by deliberation. Unlike aggregative democracy, deliberative democracy holds that, for a democratic decision to be legitimate, it must be preceded by authentic deliberation, not merely the aggregation of preferences that occurs in voting.
What is the objective of the democracy indicators?
The objective of the democracy indicators is to have the participants judge their own democratic institutions to determine where they are strong and where they are weak. Participants are asked to be as objective as possible in scoring a particular question.