What is Lightwand?
LIGHTWAND tracheal intubation is a technique in which an illuminated stylet is introduced into the endotracheal tube, and the tip of the tube is directed into the trachea guided by transillumination of the neck tissues.
What is retrograde intubation?
Retrograde intubation (RI) is a well-described technique that involves several methods of translaryngeal guided nonsurgical airway access to assist in endotracheal or nasotracheal intubation.
What is fiber optic intubation?
Fiberoptic intubation (FOI) is an effective technique for establishing airway access in patients with both anticipated and unanticipated difficult airways. First described in the late 1960s, this approach can facilitate airway management in a variety of clinical scenarios given proper patient preparation and technique.
Why would you do a retrograde intubation?
Background. Patients with limited mouth opening (LMO) often associated with difficult intubation. Retrograde intubation is an alternative technique of establishing definitive airway in these patients when blind nasal intubation fails and fiberoptic bronchoscope is not available.
What is submental intubation?
 Submental intubation technique consists of passing the tube through the anterior floor of mouth, allowing free intraoperative access to oral cavity and nasal pyramid without endangering patients with skull base trauma.
Is awake intubation painful?
The main findings of this study showed that undergoing awake intubation was an acceptable experience for most patients, whereas others experienced it as being painful and terrifying. The application of local anaesthetic evoked feelings of discomfort, coughing, and suffocation.
What is a Boujee used for?
The tracheal tube introducer, known as the bougie, is typically used to aid tracheal intubation in poor laryngoscopic views or after intubation attempts fail.
How is Bougie used?
Bougies are long, stiff plastic wands inserted into the trachea through the glottis during direct laryngoscopy (DL), providing a “guidewire” over which an endotracheal (ET) tube can then be more easily advanced into the trachea.