What is RTI and its importance?
RTI gives people the right to hold the government and organizations substantially funded by the government accountable. The Right to Information Act gives citizens the right to ask for information and decide, based on the information received, whether their constitutional rights have been met.
Why was RTI Act passed?
This act was enacted in order to consolidate the fundamental right in the Indian constitution ‘freedom of speech’. Since RTI is implicit in the Right to Freedom of Speech and Expression under Article 19 of the Indian Constitution, it is an implied fundamental right.
Who is not covered under RTI?
Most of the intelligence agencies are excluded from the ambit of RTI Act, 2005 as would be seen from Schedule 2 to the Act. However, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) and Directorate General of Central Excise Intelligence (DGCEI) are notable exclusion to this exemption.
What are fundamental rights and duties of a citizen?
The Constitution guarantees six fundamental rights to Indian citizens as follows: (i) right to equality, (ii) right to freedom, (iii) right against exploitation, (iv) right to freedom of religion, (v) cultural and educational rights, and (vi) right to constitutional remedies.
Can fundamental rights be taken away?
Article 13(2) of the Constitution mandates that the State shall not make any law which takes away or abridges fundamental rights, and that any law made in contravention of this clause shall, to the extent of the contravention, be void.
What are the importance of fundamental human rights?
Human rights also guarantee people the means necessary to satisfy their basic needs, such as food, housing, and education, so they can take full advantage of all opportunities. Finally, by guaranteeing life, liberty, equality, and security, human rights protect people against abuse by those who are more powerful.
Can we ask why in RTI?
Can Reason be asked under RTI Act? To understand whether we can ask any question or reason under RTI Act, first we should understand the definition of “information” under RTI Act. If the asked question or reason qualifies to be information under RTI Act, then definitely we can ask such question or reason.
Who can make changes in the RTI Act?
The bill proposes to amend the Right to Information Act, 2005 so as to provide that the term of office of, and the salaries, allowances and other terms and conditions of service of, the Chief Information Commissioner and Information Commissioners and the State Chief Information Commissioner and the State Information …
What are the features of fundamental rights?
Introduction to Six Fundamental Rights (Articles 12 to 35)
- Right to Equality (Articles 14 – 18)
- Right to Freedom (Articles 19 – 22)
- Right against Exploitation (Articles 23 – 24)
- Right to Freedom of Religion (Articles 25 – 28)
- Cultural and Educational Rights (Articles 29 – 30)
Is RTI Amendment Bill 2019 passed?
Rajya Sabha passes RTI Amendment Bill, 2019. After being passed in Lok Sabha recently, the RTI Amendment Bill, 2019 was passed by the Rajya Sabha today. Speaking on the occasion, Dr Jitendra Singh said that there is no motivation to curtail the independence of the RTI Act.
How many fundamental human rights are there?
30 basic human rights
What are the importance of fundamental rights?
Fundamental Rights protect the liberties and freedom of the citizens against any invasion by the state, prevent the establishment of the authoritarian and dictatorial rule in the country. They are very essential for the all-round development of the individuals and the country.
What Happens When fundamental rights are violated?
When any of our rights are violated we can seek remedy through courts. If it is a Fundamental Right we can directly approach the Supreme Court or the High Court of a state. That is why Dr. Ambedkar called the Right to Constitutional Remedies, ‘the heart and soul’ of our Constitution.
What are the rules of RTI?
After making payment, an application can be submitted. No RTI fee is required to be paid by any citizen who is below poverty line as per RTI Rules, 2012. However, the applicant must attach a copy of the certificate issued by the appropriate government in this regard, alongwith the application.
What are the functions of RTI?
An Act to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities, in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority, the constitution of a Central Information Commission and …
What are the fundamental duties of a citizen?
THE FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES OF CITIZENS OF INDIA
- THE FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES OF CITIZENS OF INDIA.
- a) To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the.
- National Flag and the National Anthem;
- b) To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle.
- for freedom;
Which fundamental rights are available to citizens?
Under the Indian constitution, certain fundamental rights are available only to the citizens, namely: Right against discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth (Article 15); right to equality of opportunity in matter of public employment (Article 16); freedom of speech and expression.
What is the RTI Amendment Bill 2019?
RTI amendment bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha by the Minister of State for Personnel Public Grievances and Pensions on July 19, 2019 and passed on July 22, 2019. This act aims at the accountability and citizen-centric approach of the government.
What is the most important fundamental human right?
The freedom to vote was ranked as the most important human right in five of the eight countries. The United States values free speech as the most important human right, with the right to vote coming in third. Free speech is also highly valued in Germany: its citizens also see this as most important.
How can we protect fundamental rights?
The fundamental rights are protected by the judiciary of India and in case of their violation, a person can approach the Supreme court directly for justice as per Article 32 of the constitution.
What are fundamental rights and human rights?
The fundamental rights include economic rights, social rights and cultural rights. Examples of these are the right to work and social security and the right to education. The Constitution also protects equality. Human rights belong to everyone. They are stated in international human rights treaties.
Who passed RTI Act?
On 15 June 2005, President APJ Abdul Kalam gave his assent to the national Right to Information Act 2005. With presidential assent, the Central Government and State Governments had 120 days to implement the provisions of the Bill in its entirety. The Act formally came into force on 12 October 2005.
What are the key components of fundamental right?
The six fundamental rights are:
- Right to equality.
- Right to freedom.
- Right against exploitation.
- Right to freedom of religion.
- Cultural and educational rights.
- Right to constitutional remedies.