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What is used for pre-exposure prophylaxis?

What is used for pre-exposure prophylaxis?

PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) is medicine people at risk for HIV take to prevent getting HIV from sex or injection drug use. Are there different types of PrEP? There are two medications approved for use as PrEP: Truvada® and Descovy®. Truvada® is for all people at risk through sex or injection drug use.

What drugs are used for post exposure prophylaxis?

PEP is a combination of three drugs. You take them once or twice a day for 28 days: For adults, the CDC recommends tenofovir, emtricitabine (these two drugs come in one pill), and a third drug, either raltegravir or dolutegravir.

How does PrEP work molecularly?

PrEP works by setting up fortified “walls” around CD4 cells. These walls keep HIV from crossing into the healthy cells and replicating. If HIV enters your body, it will be unable to breach the walls to gain access to the CD4 cells. It is estimated that PrEP protection begins 7 to 20 days after the first dose.

What is PrEP used for?

PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) is medicine people at risk for HIV take to prevent getting HIV from sex or injection drug use. When taken as prescribed, PrEP is highly effective for preventing HIV. This section answers some of the most common questions about PrEP.

Is PrEP a vaccine?

Is PrEP a Vaccine? No. A vaccine causes your body to make special substances called “antibodies” that will fight against a disease-causing germ, like a virus, long after you take the dose. PrEP protects you against HIV only as long as you continue to take it.

Is PrEP an antiviral?

Drugs used for PrEP belong to a class of antiviral medications called nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). They work by stopping the virus from multiplying in your body.

Does PrEP work for everyone?

Generally, PrEP is for anyone at increased risk for contracting HIV, including anyone who is in an ongoing relationship with a person living with HIV, anyone who does not consistently use a condom, and anyone who shares injection drug or hormone equipment.

Can you take PrEP as needed?

Reuters Health – Men at risk for HIV infection can safely take pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) when they need it, instead of every day, suggests a new study.

Is PrEP safer than condoms?

With the low number of HIV cases among people actively taking PrEP we are now talking about greater than 99 percent effectiveness, in other words, the pill is more effective at preventing HIV than condoms.

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