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What pulmonary change is associated with a bochdalek hernia?

What pulmonary change is associated with a bochdalek hernia?

Bochdalek hernia is a developmental defect in the posterolateral diaphragm, allowing herniation of abdominal contents into the thorax causing mechanical compression of the developing lung parenchyma and sometimes causing lung hypoplasia.

Is Bochdalek hernia A hiatal hernia?

The most common cause of gastric volvulus is hiatal hernia. Bochdalek hernia which is the result of a congenital defect in the posterior costal part of the diaphragm in the region of the 10th and 11th ribs can be a cause, but fairly rare, especially in adults. Most hernias are asymptomatic and found incidentally.

Why is congenital diaphragmatic hernia on left?

A left-sided CDH allows for the possibility of the stomach, intestines, and sometimes the liver to move (herniate) up into the baby’s chest. The other 17% of babies with CDH have a defect on the right side of the diaphragm. A right-sided CDH almost always allows the liver to move into the chest.

How do you treat a Bochdalek hernia?

Management of a Bochdalek hernia includes reducing the abdominal contents and repairing the defect through a laparotomy or thoracotomy. Successful laparoscopic and thoracoscopic repairs of Bochdalek hernias have both been described.

What causes CDH?

Sometimes CDH is caused by a problem with a baby’s chromosomes or by a genetic disorder. If this is the case, the baby may have additional medical problems or organ abnormalities. In other instances, CDH may occur without an identifiable genetic cause.

Can CDH be cured?

Most babies with CDH are best treated after birth; however, fetal intervention is possible for the most severe cases.

What causes Bochdalek hernias?

Bochdalek hernia (BH) is a congenital diaphragmatic hernia caused by the failure of the posterolateral diaphragmatic foramina to fuse properly; it results in the displacement of abdominal components into the thoracic cavity [2]. This occurs mainly during the ninth or tenth week of fetal life [2].

Can a baby survive CDH?

Babies with severe CDH will struggle after birth. Some will not survive. Others are saved through intensive medical care. However, these babies often have long-term health issues with breathing, feeding, growth, hearing and development.

How long do babies with CDH live?

Dr. Fenton: Yeah. Well the lungs actually continue to grow until the child is around eight years of age. So with support, and if we’ve been able to use gentle techniques to the point where the lungs aren’t damaged, then they should be able to grow to the point where the child can live a pretty normal life.

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