Where were the POW camps in Italy?
One of the best known concentration camps is Fossoli, located 12 miles (20 kilometers) north of Modena, which was established in 1942 as a prisoner of war camp for Allied soldiers captured in North Africa.
What happened to Italian prisoners of war in ww2?
Over 60,000 Italian prisoners of war (POWs) were taken captive by the Red Army in the Second World War. Almost all of them were captured during the decisive Soviet “Operation Little Saturn” offensive in December 1942 which annihilated the Italian Army in Russia (Armata Italiana in Russia (ARMIR)).
Why were Italians in concentration camps?
Italian authorities perceived that imprisoned Roma were used to a harsh life, and they received much lower food allowances and more basic accommodation. After the occupation of Greece and Yugoslavia in 1941, Italy opened concentration camps in its occupation zones there.
How many prisoner of war camps were there in ww2?
In the United States, at the end of World War II, there were 175 Branch Camps serving 511 Area Camps containing over 425,000 prisoners of war (mostly German).
When did Italy change sides in World war 2?
Oct. 13, 1943
Oct. 13, 1943 | Italy Switches Sides in World War II – The New York Times.
How did the Italians treat their POWs?
Official Italian attitudes towards POWs In comparison with their neighbours, Italy’s soldiers were treated harshly by their own commanders. Only the Italian government treated its captured soldiers as cowards or defectors, blocking the delivery of food.
What happened in prisoner of war camps?
Brutal treatment, torture and humiliation was commonplace. Inmates in concentration camps were also usually subject to forced labour. Typically, this was long hours of hard physical labour, though this varied across different camps. Many camps worked their prisoners to death.
How do I find a prisoner-of-war records?
The main First World War official sources are the interviews and reports provided by repatriated or escaped prisoners in record class WO 161. These can be viewed online on a pay-per-view basis. Although more than 3,000 individuals are represented, this is only a very small percentage of those who were held captive.
What is the difference between a prisoner-of-war camp and a concentration camp?
Concentration camps are to be distinguished from prisons interning persons lawfully convicted of civil crimes and from prisoner-of-war camps in which captured military personnel are held under the laws of war.
What happened to Mussolini?
The death of Benito Mussolini, the deposed Italian fascist dictator, occurred on 28 April 1945, in the final days of World War II in Europe, when he was summarily executed by an Italian partisan in the small village of Giulino di Mezzegra in northern Italy.