Why did the Macedonian war happen?
The Second Macedonian War (200–196) was launched by the Roman Senate against Philip after he refused to guarantee to make no hostile moves against these states. Philip’s forces were badly defeated by the Romans and their Greek allies in a battle at Cynoscephalae in 197.
Who won Macedonian Wars?
On the right Philip, with half his phalanx, drove back the Romans, but his left wing was utterly routed, and the victorious Roman right then turned and attacked the Macedonian right in flank and rear, and won a complete victory. The Macedonians lost 13,000 killed and wounded The Roman losses were small.
What caused the Third Macedonian War?
He was repulsed and then driven out of his territories by Perseus. This conflict contributed to the tensions which led to the Third Macedonian War, because Rome took issue with the ousting of its ally. Perseus made an alliance with Cotys IV, the king of the Odrysian kingdom, the largest state in Thrace.
How did the Second Macedonian War end?
Rome and Macedonia had fought before, in 215-205 B.C. (First Macedonian War), but to the Romans this had been a sideshow when compared to the threat posed by Hannibal (Second Punic War). Some troops and a fleet had been sent east, but the Roman effort was limited, and the war was ended in 205 by the Peace of Phoenice.
What happened to Illyrians?
The Northern Illyrians (today’s Yugoslavia) were not Romanised. A part was killed, the others left south, the ones that remained were assimilated. Instead of Romanised, you can say they were Slavicized.
Did Alexander ever fight the Romans?
The Roman Empire began in the year 330 BC and died out in 1453 AD. Its start was only 7 years before the fall and death of Alexander the Great. The Romans derived many of their military tactics from Alexander the Great, but they also incorporated military tactics that were different from Alexander the Great’s strategy.
How did Rome defeat Macedonia?
When Perseus was implicated in an assassination plot against an ally of Rome, the Senate declared the third Macedonian War. Initially, Rome did not fare well against the Macedonian forces, but in 168 BC, Roman legions smashed the Macedonian phalanx at the Battle of Pydna.
How did Illyrians look like?
They were not extraordinarily tall, strong, fair-skinned or whatnot. Genetically, they precisely resembled today’s non-Slavic Balkan populations – Albanians, Greeks, Vlachs/Aromanians – so you can quickly get an idea of how ancient Illyrians, or Thracians, for that matter, looked like.
Who won Alexander or Porus?
The Battle of the Hydaspes was fought between Alexander the Great and King Porus in 326 BCE. It took place on the banks of the Jhelum River in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent. The battle resulted in a Greek victory and the surrender of Porus.