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What are clinical features of diabetes mellitus?

What are clinical features of diabetes mellitus?

The most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) are polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia, along with lassitude, nausea, and blurred vision, all of which result from the hyperglycemia itself. Polyuria is caused by osmotic diuresis secondary to hyperglycemia.

What is the clinical definition of diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (or blood sugar), which leads over time to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves.

What are the 4 P’s of diabetes?

polydipsia: an increase in thirst. polyuria: frequent urination. polyphagia: a rise in appetite.

What are the 3 P’s of diabetes?

The main symptoms of diabetes are described as the three polys – polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia.

What are the clinical features you might see in a person who has had diabetes for decades?

People who have had diabetes for a long time might develop a type of nerve damage called diabetic neuropathy (pronounced: noo-RAH-puh-thee). Diabetic neuropathy can affect nerves in many different parts of the body. The most common early symptoms are numbness, tingling, or sharp pains in the feet or lower legs.

What are the clinical manifestations characteristics and clinical implications of type 2 diabetes?

When signs and symptoms are present, they may include: Increased thirst. Frequent urination. Increased hunger.

What are the 3 signs of hyperglycemia?


  • Frequent urination.
  • Increased thirst.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Fatigue.
  • Headache.

What is insulin glucagon?

Insulin and glucagon are hormones secreted by islet cells within the pancreas. They are both secreted in response to blood sugar levels, but in opposite fashion! Insulin is normally secreted by the beta cells (a type of islet cell) of the pancreas.

What is the difference between Type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

The main difference between the two types of diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that often shows up early in life, and type 2 is largely diet-related and develops over time. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.

What is the best medicine for diabetes?


  • Sulfonylureas
  • Meglitinides
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • DPP-4 inhibitors
  • GLP-1 receptor agonists
  • SGLT2 inhibitors
  • Insulin.
  • What is diabetes video?

    What is Diabetes? Animated video covers basic issues such as glucose, insulin, the pancreas and warning signs of diabetes. Subscribe!…

    What are the symptoms of diabetes 2?

    – Urinate (pee) a lot, often at night – Are very thirsty – Lose weight without trying – Are very hungry – Have blurry vision – Have numb or tingling hands or feet – Feel very tired – Have very dry skin – Have sores that heal slowly – Have more infections than usual

    What is diabetes management?

    The Diabetes Self-Management Program (DSMP) is a 6-week group program for people with type 2 diabetes. The program was developed by Stanford University to help you manage your diabetes symptoms, tiredness, pain, and emotional issues, by helping you learn skills to better manage your diabetes day to day. Program Details.

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