What are the diseases spread through water?
It can lead to food poisoning). The result: dangerous diseases like cholera and typhoid fever. Other waterborne diseases include diarrhoea, dysentery, polio and meningitis. Unclean water for washing can cause skin and infectious eye disease such as Trachoma.
Which of the following distracted driving behaviors is the most dangerous?
What are distracted driving behaviors and which is the most dangerous? Ex. Texting and driving. Texting is most dangerous.
Can you get hepatitis from kissing?
Is it possible to catch hepatitis from kissing? Catching hepatitis by kissing an infected person is unlikely — although deep kissing that involves the exchange of large amounts of saliva might result in HBV, especially if there are cuts or abrasions in the mouth of the infected person.
Is dengue a waterborne disease?
Dengue is a mosquito-borne infection which in recent years has become a major international public health concern. Dengue fever is a severe, flu-like illness that affects infants, young children and adults but rarely causes death.
What are food and water-borne diseases?
Food- and water-borne illnesses may be caused by toxins created by growing bacteria; toxins produced by the harmful algal species; or contamination of food and/or water with certain bacteria, viruses or parasites. Many cases of food poisoning happen when someone eats food that has harmful bacteria in it.
What is the most common waterborne disease?
10 Common Waterborne Diseases and How to Prevent Them!
- Diarrhoea. In India, diarrhoea is the most common waterborne disease.
- Malarial fever. The plasmodium parasite mosquito is responsible for the spread of malaria.
- Amebiasis. Protozoa is the microorganism that causes amebiasis.
- Typhoid fever.
- Viral gastroenteritis.
Which of the following regions has the highest rate of unsafe abortions?
As of 2019, Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest abortion case-fatality rate of any world region, at roughly 185 deaths per 100,000 abortions, for a total of 15,000 preventable deaths every year.
Which unintentional injuries cause the most deaths?
Unintentional Injury Statistics
- Unintentional injuries continue to be the fifth leading cause of death overall, and the leading cause of death for those under 35 years of age.
- The top three causes of fatal unintentional injuries include motor vehicle crashes, poisoning, and falls.
Which is the bad hepatitis?
Hepatitis D (HDV) Although HDV, also known as “hepatitis delta,” is considered the most severe form of hepatitis, it’s what’s known as an “incomplete” virus. It requires hepatitis B to copy itself. That means you can only get HDV if you have HBV .
How long does it take to get sick from drinking contaminated water?
Symptoms of gastrointestinal illness from contaminated water can include diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting. Those symptoms can take 24 to 48 hours to develop, says Forni, so you might not get sick for a day or two after drinking bad water.
Which hepatitis is not curable?
Advertisement. Most adults with hepatitis B recover fully, even if their signs and symptoms are severe. Infants and children are more likely to develop a chronic (long-lasting) hepatitis B infection. A vaccine can prevent hepatitis B, but there’s no cure if you have the condition.
Which action can lead to unintentional injuries apex?
D. Explanation: Based on the answers provided it can be said that the action that can lead to unintentional injuries would be falling from a ladder at home.
In which region would you expect to find the highest share of deaths due to unintentional injuries?
The regional death rate of unintentional injuries was highest in Southeast Asia (80 per 100,000) and higher in LMICs compared with HICs for most types of injuries (Figure 2) (84). Figure 2 Death rate due to unintentional injuries by type of injury (per 100,000), 2004. Source: WHO, Global Burden of Disease, 2004 (84).
What is caused by dengue?
Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease that has rapidly spread in all regions of WHO in recent years. Dengue virus is transmitted by female mosquitoes mainly of the species Aedes aegypti and, to a lesser extent, Ae. albopictus. These mosquitoes are also vectors of chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika viruses.
What is the difference between intentional injury and unintentional injury?
Intentional injuries are injuries that occur with purposeful intent and include homicide, suicide, domestic violence, sexual assault and rape, bias related violence and firearms. Unintentional injuries are injuries that occur without purposeful intent, and are a leading cause of death and disability.
What are the factors affecting transmission of water-borne diseases?
Lack of clean water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are major causes for the spread of waterborne diseases in a community. The fecal–oral route is a disease transmission pathway for waterborne diseases. Poverty also increases the risk of communities to be affected by waterborne diseases.
What are the effects of intentional injuries?
The most common effect of intentional injury to the victim in the emotional well-being is trauma. Being traumatized is not an easy state. A mild trauma can be treated within a short period of time, but severe trauma can take even years to be treated.
What are intentional injuries?
The term “intentional” is used to refer to injuries resulting from purposeful human action, whether directed at oneself or others. Intentional injuries include self inflicted and interpersonal acts of violence intended to cause harm.
What factor is most commonly associated with cancer deaths in low income countries?
Tobacco use is the most important risk factor for cancer and is responsible for approximately 25% of cancer deaths (2). Cancer-causing infections, such as hepatitis and human papillomavirus (HPV), are responsible for approximately 30% of cancer cases in low- and lower-middle-income countries (3).
How does contaminated water affect humans?
Effects on Human Health If drinking water contains unsafe levels of contaminants, it can cause health effects, such as gastrointestinal illnesses, nervous system or reproductive effects, and chronic diseases such as cancer.
What are some examples of intentional injuries?
Examples of intentional injuries include the following:
- Intimate Partner/Domestic Violence.
- Sexual Assault/Rape.
- Youth Violence.
Is Hepatitis is a waterborne disease?
Hepatitis, a broad term for inflammation of the liver, has a number of infectious and non-infectious causes. Two of the viruses that cause hepatitis (hepatitis A and E) can be transmitted through water and food; hygiene is therefore important in their control.
What are examples of waterborne diseases?
Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases. Examples are typhoid fever, cholera and Hepatitis A or E. Other microorganisms induce less dangerous diseases. Often, diarrhoea is the main symptom (figure 1).
Which hepatitis is worse B or C?
While hepatitis C tends to get more attention and research funding, hepatitis B is considerably more common and causes more liver-related cancer and death worldwide than hepatitis C. Combined, chronic hepatitis B and C account for approximately 80% of the world’s liver cancer cases.
Which of the following describes a waterborne infection?
Waterborne diseases are illnesses caused by microscopic organisms, like viruses and bacteria, that are ingested through contaminated water or by coming in contact with feces. If every person on the planet was able to practice safe sanitation and hygiene and have access to clean water, these diseases would not exist.
Is Hepatitis A lethal?
Unlike hepatitis B and C, hepatitis A does not cause chronic liver disease and is rarely fatal, but it can cause debilitating symptoms and fulminant hepatitis (acute liver failure), which is often fatal.
Which unintentional injuries cause the most deaths quizlet?
Road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among young people, aged 15-29 years.