# What does Darlington transistor do?

## What does Darlington transistor do?

A Darlington transistor acts as a single transistor with high current gain, it means that a small amount of current is used from a microcontroller or a sensor to run a larger load. The below Darlington circuit is built with two transistors shown in the circuit diagram.

### Why do we use Darlington pairs?

The Darlington pair is mainly used for It has high current gain β; (equal to the product of current gain of individual transistors) and is useful in applications where current amplification or switching is required. It also has high input impedance and low output impedance.

Why Darlington pair is also known as Super Beta transistor?

If the current gain of a transistor is β1 and β2, the overall current gain of Darlington pair is β1β2. The current gain of this transistor is very high compared to the normal transistor. Therefore, this transistor is also known as “Super Beta Transistor”.

How does a Darlington pair circuit work?

A Darlington Pair acts as one transistor but with a current gain that equals: Total current gain (hFE total) = current gain of transistor 1 (hFE t1) x current gain of transistor 2 (hFE t2) So for example if you had two transistors with a current gain (hFE) = 100: (hFE total) = 100 x 100 (hFE total) = 10,000 You can see …

## What is Darlington pair PDF?

This is two transistors connected together so that the current. amplified by the first is amplified further by the second transistor. The overall current gain is equal to the two individual gains.

### What does a Darlington pair consists of?

two npn transistors
A Darlington pair consists of two npn transistors connected as shown in the diagram. The way they work is easier to understand if it is explained in terms of conventional current. Given a small base current flowing to Q1, a much larger collector current flows into the transistor and out of the emitter.

What is the difference between NPN and PNP Darlington transistors?

If the Darlington pair consists of both PNP transistors, it makes PNP Darlington Transistor. And if the Darlington pair consists of both NPN transistors, it makes NPN Darlington Transistor. The connection diagram of NPN and PNP Darlington Transistor is as shown in the below figure. For both types of transistors, the Collector terminal is common.

What is the gain of Darlington transistor?

And the gain of Darlington Transistor is, If the Darlington pair consists of both PNP transistors, it makes PNP Darlington Transistor. And if the Darlington pair consists of both NPN transistors, it makes NPN Darlington Transistor.

## How many BJT transistors are used in a Darlington transistor?

It uses two standard BJT transistors connected together to form pair as shown. There are two possible configurations viz. one using two NPN transistors and the other using two PNP transistors. In darlington configuration, one transistor’s emitter is connected with other transistor’s base and also collectors of the two transistors are connected.

### What is the overall current gain of Darlington pair?

If the current gain of a transistor is β1 and β2, the overall current gain of Darlington pair is β1β2. The current gain of this transistor is very high compared to the normal transistor. Therefore, this transistor is also known as “ Super Beta Transistor ”.

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