What is the primary legislation used in child protection?
The main pieces of legislation and guidance documents that you should be aware of include: The Children Act 1989 (as amended). The Children and Social Work Act 2017. The Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006.
What makes a child at risk?
For example, children are seen as at risk if they are disabled, have low self-esteem, or have been abused. For example, a low-income community with a high crime rate and a low high school graduation rate might be viewed as a place that puts children and adolescents at risk of poor outcomes.
How are protective factors important?
Protective factors help ensure that children and youth function well at home, in school, at work, and in the community. They also can serve as safeguards, helping parents who otherwise might be at risk find resources, support, or coping strategies that allow them to parent effectively—even under stress.
What to do if a child is at risk of harm?
If you think it is an emergency (the child is at immediate risk of serious harm) then refer the child immediately to the police (call and social services for immediate action. Don’t put yourself in danger. Police may enter any premises and remove a child to a place of safety for 72 hours.
What does it mean when a student is at risk?
An “at-risk” student is generally defined as a student who is likely to fail at school. In this context, school failure is typically seen as dropping out of school before high school graduation.
How long can a child stay on a child protection plan?
What is a high risk child?
For the purposes of this part, the term “high-risk children” means individuals under the age of 21 who are low-income or at risk of abuse or neglect, have been abused or neglected, have serious emotional, mental, or behavioral disturbances, reside in placements outside their homes, or are involved in the juvenile …
Why is it important to learn about drugs?
Effective drug education is important because young people are faced with many influences to use both licit and illicit drugs. Education can play a counterbalancing role in shaping a normative culture of safety, moderation, and informed decision making.
What are the 6 protective factors?
The six protective factors that have been identified by the United States Department of Health and Human Services include:
- Nurturing and attachment.
- Knowledge of parenting and child development.
- Parental resilience.
- Social connections.
- Concrete supports for parents.
- Social and emotional competence of children.
What is protective Behaviour?
Protective Behaviours refers to behaviours which enable children to recognise situations in which their personal space and sense of safety may be compromised. It is important that children and young people develop personal safety skills from a well-presented and well-structured personal safety program.
What are risk factors for violence?
The most powerful early predictors of violence at age 15 to 18 are involvement in general offenses (serious, but not necessarily violent, criminal acts) and substance use. Moderate factors are being male, aggressiveness, low family socioeconomic status/poverty, and antisocial parents.
What is a family protective factor?
Protective factors are attributes that serve as buffers, helping parents who might otherwise be at risk of abusing their children to find resources, supports, or coping strategies that allow them to parent effectively, even under stress. …
What is the purpose of the Child Protection Act?
The Children and Young Persons (Care and Protection) Act 1998 (the Act) establishes the legislative framework governing child wellbeing and providing child protection and out-of-home care services in NSW.
What are examples of protective factors?
Protective factor examples
- Positive attitudes, values or beliefs.
- Conflict resolution skills.
- Good mental, physical, spiritual and emotional health.
- Positive self-esteem.
- Success at school.
- Good parenting skills.
- Parental supervision.
- Strong social supports.
What is the most significant protective factor for youth?
Youth Connectedness Is an Important Protective Factor for Health and Well-being. Connectedness is an important protective factor for youth that can reduce the likelihood of a variety of health risk behaviors.
What are three factors that may put a child at risk for developmental delays?
These factors include genetics; parental health and behaviors (such as smoking and drinking) during pregnancy; complications during birth; infections the mother might have during pregnancy or the baby might have very early in life; and exposure of the mother or child to high levels of environmental toxins, such as lead …
What is high risk social situation?
High social risk (e.g., domestic violence, previous child abuse, severe poverty or homelessness) Substance abuse by either parent. Major psychiatric history in either parent. Developmental disability in either parent.
What is a protective factor in health?
A protective factor can be defined as “a characteristic at the biological, psychological, family, or community (including peers and culture) level that is associated with a lower likelihood of problem outcomes or that reduces the negative impact of a risk factor on problem outcomes.”1 Conversely, a risk factor can be …
What are the two main laws for child protection?
Whilst the Children and Young People Act 1933 established the foundations they were later consolidated into the state’s employment, education, health and welfare by the Children Act 1989 and following tranche of legislation. Internationally, the principles were embodied in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
How do you identify protective factors?
The protective factors identified on the individual level include current and/or future aspirations, personal wellness, positive self-image, and self-efficacy.
- Current and/or Future Aspirations.
- Personal Wellness.
- Positive Self-Image.
What are the five protective factors?
Five Protective Factors are the foundation of the Strengthening Families Approach: parental resilience, social connections, concrete support in times of need, knowledge of parenting and child development, and social and emotional competence of children.
What are internal protective factors?
Internal/Personal Protective Factors Dominant attitudes, values, and norms prohibiting suicide, including strong. beliefs about the meaning and value of life. Life skills (i.e., decision-making, problem-solving, anger management, conflict. management, and social skills) Good health, access to health care.
What are the risk and protective factors of using drugs?
Risk factors can influence drug abuse in several ways….
|Lack of Parental Supervision
|Anti-drug Use Policies
|Strong Neighborhood Attachment
What is the risk factor of family?
Risk factors. Some of the risk factors associated with family are static, while others are dynamic. Static risk factors, such as criminal history, parental mental health problems or a history of childhood abuse, are unlikely to change over time.
What are family factors?
Protective factors that can help promote healthy families include positive relationships within the family, supportive relationships with peers, the ability to communicate effectively, strong parent-child relationships, and more. …
Why would social services remove a child?
Anyone can call Social Services and tell them about children they think are being abused and Social Services have a legal duty to check this out. Social Services do not want to take your children away, but they have to make sure that they are safe, and cared for properly.