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What is the purpose of PPKI?

What is the purpose of PPKI?

The Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (Indonesian: Panitia Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia), (Japanese: 独立準備委員会, Hepburn: Dokuritsu Junbi Iinkai) or PPKI was a body established on 7 August 1945 to prepare for the transfer of authority from the occupying Japanese to Indonesia.

Who is the leader of PPKI?

Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir Amir Sjarifuddin Mohammad Hatta Abdul Halim Muhammad Natsir Soekiman Wirjosandjojo Wilopo Ali Sastroamidjojo Burhanuddin Harahap Djuanda Kartawidjaja
Vice President Mohammad Hatta (1945–1956)
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Suharto

What is the meaning of the Indonesian proclamation of independence on August 17 1945?

The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution, fighting against the forces of the Netherlands and pro-Dutch civilians, until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia’s independence in 1949.

When did Indonesia gain independence from the Dutch?

December 1949
In December 1949, after four years of military and diplomatic confrontation with the Netherlands, the Dutch Government finally recognised the independence of the Dutch East Indies, which became the Republic of the United States of Indonesia.

Who typed the proclamation?

1, the text of the proclamation was formulated. The figures who composed the text of the proclamation were Soekarno, Hatta, and Ahmad Soebarjo. The concept of the text of the proclamation was written by Soekarno himself, meanwhile in another room were B.M. Diah who was a journalist, Sayuti Melik, Sukarni, and Soediro.

Who declared independence in Indonesia?

Independence declared. Under pressure from radical and politicised pemuda (‘youth’) groups, on 17 August 1945, two days after the Japanese Emperor’s surrender in the Pacific, Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence.

How did the Dutch treat Indonesia?

In the 1600s, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) began colonizing parts of Indonesia. During colonial rule, Dutch forces regularly committed atrocities and Indonesian civilians were tortured, raped, and executed. Even in the last years of colonialism, thousands of supporters of independence were jailed.

How many years did the Dutch rule Indonesia?

For example, when you talk to an Indonesian individual about the colonial period (whether the individual is highly educated or uneducated) he/she will say that Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch for three and a half centuries.

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