What was Australia known as in 1770?
New South Wales
Lieutenant James Cook, captain of HMB Endeavour, claimed the eastern portion of the Australian continent for the British Crown in 1770, naming it New South Wales.
Who discovered Australia first for kids?
The first known landing in Australia by Europeans was by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606. Twenty-nine other Dutch navigators explored the western and southern coasts in the 17th century, and dubbed the continent New Holland. Macassan trepangers visited Australia’s northern coasts after 1720, possibly earlier.
When was Australia discovered for kids?
Dutch explorers first landed in Australia in 1606, and the British began to settle there in 1788.
Who discovered Australia in 1770?
James Cook was the first recorded explorer to land on the east coast in 1770. He had with him maps showing the north, west and south coasts based on the earlier Dutch exploration.
What is the brief history of Australia?
The Dutch first sighted Australia in 1606 before Captain Cook claimed the land for Great Britain in 1770. The First Fleet of 11 boats arrived at Botany Bay in 1788 to establish New South Wales as a penal colony (receiving convicts until 1848).
Why is it called 1770?
Some 6 kilometres north of Agnes Water is the town of 1770, so named after the visit of Lieut James Cook in May 1770. Cook’s second landfall in Australia, the first in Queensland, gives rise to the area’s claim to be the birthplace of Queensland.
What is the history of Australia in order?
Timeline and History Overview 1606 – The first European to land at Australia is Dutch explorer Captain Willem Janszoon. 1688 – English explorer William Dampier explores the western coast of Australia. 1770 – Captain James Cook lands at Botany Bay with his ship, the HMS Endeavour. He then proceeds to
What year was the first British settlement in Australia?
1688 – English explorer William Dampier explores the western coast of Australia. 1770 – Captain James Cook lands at Botany Bay with his ship, the HMS Endeavour. He then proceeds to map the eastern coast of Australia, claiming it for Great Britain. 1788 – The first British settlement is established at Sydney by Captain Arthur Phillip.
When was Australia first discovered?
Australia was first inhabited perhaps 40,000 years ago by aboriginal peoples. During the Age of Exploration, the land was discovered and mapped by many Europeans including the Spanish, Dutch and English. However, Australia wasn’t really explored until 1770 when Captain James Cook explored the east coast and claimed it for Great Britain.
How many colonies were there in Australia in 1788?
Six colonies were formed in Australia: New South Wales, 1788; Tasmania, 1825; Western Australia, 1829; South Australia, 1836; Victoria, 1851; and Queensland, 1859. These same colonies later became the states of the Australian Commonwealth.