Menu Close

Where do ophiolite sequences originate?

Where do ophiolite sequences originate?

ultramafic rocks are known as ophiolites. Many geologists believe that ophiolites formed at oceanic ridges were emplaced by tectonic forces at convergent plate boundaries and then became exposed in highly deformed orogenic (mountain) belts.

What is the difference between Obduction and subduction?

As nouns the difference between obduction and subduction is that obduction is (obsolete) the act of drawing or laying over, as a covering while subduction is the action of being pushed or drawn beneath another object.

What is metamorphic sole?

Metamorphic soles are thin (< 500 m thick) sheets of highly deformed metamorphic rocks that structurally underlie many ophiolitic complexes and are associated with incipient stages of intra-oceanic subduction (e.g. Jamieson, 1986, Williams and Smyth, 1973).

What is ophiolite sequence?

An ophiolite sequence consists of variably altered oceanic rocks, including marine sediments, ocean crust, and part of the mantle. The name ophiolite means “snakestone” from “ophio” (snake) and “lithos” (stone) in Greek. Notable ophiolites are found in Cyprus, the northwestern US, the Alps, Papua New Guinea, and Oman.

What is ophiolite where is it located in the Philippines?

Luzon Island
The Zambales Ophiolite Complex (ZOC) in the western portion of Luzon Island, Philippines represents a typical exposure of an emplaced crust-upper mantle section of an ancient lithosphere.

What is ophiolite obduction?

Obduction of oceanic lithosphere produces a characteristic set of rock types called an ophiolite. Obduction occurs where a fragment of continental crust is caught in a subduction zone with resulting overthrusting of oceanic mafic and ultramafic rocks from the mantle onto the continental crust.

What means obduction?

Definition of obduction : an act or instance of drawing or laying something (as a covering) over.

What is ophiolite made up of?

Ophiolites are pieces of oceanic plate that have been thrusted (obducted) onto the edge of continental plates. They provide models for processes at mid-ocean ridges. Ophiolites are an assemblage of mafic and ultramafic lavas and hypabyssal rocks found in association with sedimentary rocks like greywackes and cherts.

What ophiolite means?

Ophiolite is thrust sheets of ancient oceanic crust and upper part of mantle rocks that have been uplifted and exposed above sea level and often emplaced on top of the continental lithosphere.

Why is it called obduction?

John McPhee describes ophiolite formation by obduction as “where ocean crust slides into a trench and goes under a continent, [and] a part of the crust – i.e., an ophiolite – is shaved off the top and ends up on the lip of the continent.”

What does an obduction mean?

Where did the Samail ophiolite come from?

The story of the ‘landing’ of the Samail Ophiolite along Oman’s northern coastline began around 90 million years ago when a several kilometre thick slab of oceanic crust started to be slowly pushed over the top of Oman’s beachfronts.

Where is ophiolite found in the Oman Mountains?

The subophiolite thrust sheets (Haybi and Hawasina complexes) were thrust onto the foreland and are mainly missing in the internal (northeast) parts of the Oman Mountains, where the ophiolite lies almost directly on the shelf carbonates.

What is an ophiolite?

Ophiolites are suites of temporally and spatially associated ultramafic, mafic, and felsic rocks that are interpreted to be remnants of ancient oceanic crust and upper mantle. Ophiolites show significant variations in their internal structure, geochemical fingerprints, and emplacement mechanisms.

Is there a tectonic model for the subduction-obduction evolution of Oman ophiolites?

Tectonic model for the subduction-obduction evolution of the Oman ophiolite in the southeastern Oman Mountains, after Searle et al. (1994). (A) The palinspastically restored cross section across the Arabian continental margin with the positions of the major thrusts.

Posted in Blog