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Why NASA uses half a million gallons of water to launch a rocket?

Why NASA uses half a million gallons of water to launch a rocket?

A launch generates a large amount of acoustic energy which would be enough to damage the extremely expensive onboard electronic equipment. The water then acts as a medium for the sound waves’ vibrations to travel through, reducing the acoustical levels on launch sites to about 142 decibels.

How much fuel has NASA used?

About 250,000 gallons (2,580,000 pounds) are used in all. Small quantities are also used aboard the orbiter to provide its breathable atmosphere. 2. The purer type of oxygen used in the Shuttle PRSDS re- quires 327 gallons (2,340 pounds) per mission for a four-tank set and is more expensive.

How much fuel does a NASA rocket use?

At liftoff, the two Solid Rocket Boosters consume 11,000 pounds of fuel per second. That’s two million times the rate at which fuel is burned by the average family car.

How big is NASA’s launch pad?

identical features. Each pad covers about a quarter-square mile of land. Launches are conducted from atop a concrete hardstand 390 feet by 325 feet, located at the center of the pad area. The Pad A and Pad B hardstands are 48 feet and 55 feet above sea level, respectively.

Why do rocket launches use so much water?

That water is used to prevent damage to the launch pad during launch. Not only does the water prevent temperature damage, but it also cushions the vibrations produced by the rocket and prevents a great deal of acoustic damage as well.

What fuel does SpaceX use?

SpaceX Raptor

Status Currently in use
Liquid-fuel engine
Propellant Liquid oxygen / liquid methane
Mixture ratio 3.6 (78% O2, 22% CH4)
Cycle Full-flow staged combustion

How does NASA make liquid oxygen?

To transform oxygen into its liquid state, it is cooled to a temperature of ‑297 degrees Fahrenheit (‑183 degrees Celsius). What’s more, the cryogenic LH2 and LOX evaporate quickly at ambient pressure and temperature, meaning the rocket can’t be loaded with propellant until a few hours before launch.

Why is it called pad 39?

At the time, the highest numbered launch pad at CCAFS was Launch Complex 37. When the lunar launch complex was designed, it was designated as Launch Complex 39. It was designed to handle launches of the Saturn V rocket, the largest, most powerful rocket then designed, which would propel Apollo spacecraft to the Moon.

How wide is the Crawlerway?

Read about our latest work on the Crawlerway. The Crawlerway at the Kennedy Space Center is a 130-foot wide and over 4.2-mile long pathway between the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) and the two launch pads at Launch Complex 39.

What is the white smoke before a rocket launch?

When you view a Space Shuttle launch on television, the white smoke filling the air is really steam from those millions of gallons of water evaporating. The actual exhaust smoke from the solid rocket motors goes out the other end of the launch pad through the Flame Deflector System.

What is the largest tank ever built for NASA?

The largest tank ever built for NASA will hold about 1.25 million gallons of usable LH2 to accommodate requirements for the SLS rocket to send Artemis missions to the Moon and on to Mars. Refurbishment at the pad included installation of new bypass lines and valves, removal of the heritage liq- Launch Complex 39B

Who will build NASA’s new liquid hydrogen storage tank?

Houston energy service company McDermott International won a contract to build the liquid hydrogen storage tank. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

How is liquid hydrogen stored at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center?

Seen on the right is the spherical 850,000 gallon-capacity liquid hydrogen storage tank. Running on the ground from the tank to the pad is 1,500 feet of vacuum-jacketed transfer line. The storage tank illustrated on the left, depicts how liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen have been stored at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center for more than 50 years.

Will NASA use liquid hydrogen to fuel Mars rockets?

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Houston energy service company McDermott International has landed a contract to build a 1.4 million gallon liquid hydrogen storage tank that will be used by NASA to fuel rockets headed to Mars.

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