What is the Reformation?
The Reformation (alternatively named, the Protestant Reformation or the European Reformation) was a movement within Western Christianity in early 16th-century Europe that posed a religious and political challenge to the Roman Catholic Church —and papal authority in particular.
How did the Catholic Church respond to the Reformation?
The Council of Trent, which met off and on from 1545 through 1563, articulated the Church’s answer to the problems that triggered the Reformation and to the reformers themselves. The Catholic Church of the Counter-Reformation era grew more spiritual, more literate and more educated.
What happened to the Catholic Church in 1536?
In 1536, following his victory in the Count’s War, he became king as Christian III and continued the Reformation of the state church with assistance from Johannes Bugenhagen. By the Copenhagen recess of October 1536, the authority of the Catholic bishops was terminated.
When did the Protestant Reformation end?
The Protestant Reformation: 1517–1559. Bagchi, David, and David C. Steinmetz, eds. The Cambridge Companion to Reformation Theology (2004) Bainton, Roland (1952).
Who were the leaders of the Protestant Reformation?
Other Protestant movements grew up along the lines of mysticism or humanism (cf. Erasmus and Louis de Berquin who was martyred in 1529), sometimes breaking from Rome or from the Protestants, or forming outside of the churches. John Calvin was one of the leading figures of the Reformation.
What is the Counter-Reformation?
The Counter-Reformation, also called the Catholic Reformation or the Catholic Revival, was the period of Catholic reforms initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation. The end of the Reformation era is disputed.